Donati – Labels in syntax

Labels in syntax (Advanced)

This class, which is  meant as an advanced class presupposing some acquanitage with syntactic theorizing, reflects on the role of labels in recent syntactic theory.


  1. From X-bar theory to the labeling algorithms.
  2. The Unification of Move and Merge and its consequences
  3. The probing algorithm and relativization
  4. The problem of specifiers : no labels after all ?
  5. A reformulation of successive cyclic movement


Selected references

Chomsky N. 1995.  The Minimalist Program. The MIT Press.

Chomsky, N. 2013. Problems of projection. Lingua18:  1-35.

Adger D. 2013. A syntax of substance. MIT Pres.

Bhatt, R. 20002. The Raising analysis of relative clauses : evidence from adjectival modification. Natural language semantics10 : 43-90.

Boecks, C. 2008. Bare Syntax, Oxford : Oxford University Press. Chapter 3.

Citko 2008. Missing labels : head movment as projct both. IN CB Chang and H.J. Haynie (eds). Proceeeding of WCFL 26I : pp. 121-128.

Collins C. 2002. Eliminating labels. In Epstein and Deeley (eds). Derivation and explanation in the Minimalist Program42-64. Oxford : Blackwell.

Donati C and C. Cecchetto. 2011. Relabeling heads : a unified account of relativization structures. Linguistic Inquiry42 : 519-560.

Cecchetto C and  C. Donati. 2015. (Re)labeling. The MIT press.

Lahne, A. 2008. Where There is Fire There is Smoke. Local Modelling of Successive-Cyclic Movement Ph. D. Dissertation. Leipzig

Zeijlstra, H. 2017. Labeling: Reinstalling Projection by selection.  Selectionfest.  Leibniz-ZAS, Berlin.